FHA loans in Texas are the most popular first-time home buyer loan because of their low down payment requirements, lenient credit requirements, and flexible lending standards.
It's considered a government loan and has lower interest rates than a conventional loan.
Here's everything you must know about FHA loans in Texas.
FHA loan requirements are the most relaxed out of any home loan program in Texas today. You don't need perfect credit or a large down payment to qualify. Having a bankruptcy or foreclosure on your credit is a non-issue as long as enough time has passed and credit has been rebuilt.
Keep reading for more info.
Borrowers can secure FHA financing in Texas with a credit score as low as 620. This is 40 points lower than the credit score needed for a conventional loan and allows borrowers to secure financing much sooner.
You don't need a perfect credit history, but if you've had a bankruptcy or foreclosure, you'll need to wait a few years before qualifying for an FHA loan.
With an FHA loan it's easy to qualify after bankruptcy. For a chapter 7, you can be eligible 2 years after the discharge date (conventional requires 4 years). Getting an FHA mortgage after bankruptcy for a chapter 13 requires only one year from the filing date. You must provide proof that 12 months of payments have been made on time, and a trustee approval is also required.
You could be eligible for an FHA loan after foreclosure within 3 years from when the title was taken out of your name. This is an important date that officially transfers the property being foreclosed from you to the bank or new homebuyer. Once your name is taken off, 3 full years must pass before you apply for an FHA loan. Other mortgage types, such as conventional loans, require 7 years after the foreclosure.
A short sale has the exact requirement as above unless you never had late payments on your mortgage.
The FHA loan program has flexible debt-to-income ratio requirements too. For example, unlike conventional loans, which require a maximum 41% debt ratio, you can secure financing with a debt to income ratio as high as 50%. This means your total debts (mortgage, credit card payments, installment loans, etc.) can total up to 50% of your gross monthly income (income before taxes).
Borrowers need at least a 3.5% down payment, but there is some flexibility in this requirement. We also have a no down payment FHA loan in Texas. However, the no down payment loan has a higher interest rate.
You can also receive a gift from a family member to pay for the down payment.
In addition to you qualifying for an FHA loan, the property must be eligible too. The property is the collateral lenders use to approve you for the loan. Properties must meet the following requirements to secure FHA financing.
You must prove you'll live in the property full-time as your primary residence. The loan isn't for second homes (vacation homes) or investment homes to rent out. However, there's one exception – if you purchase a multi-unit property and live in one unit, you can rent out the remaining units even with FHA financing. No matter the property type, within 60 days, at least one borrower must occupy it.
The FHA is flexible with the available property types for FHA financing in Texas. A property can be:
• Single-family home
• Condo (condo complexes have to be FHA approved)
• Townhouse (Townhome complexes typically have to be FHA approved but depends on the complex)
• Multi-family home (1 – 4 units)
• Manufactured home on a permanent foundation
• Mobile homes on a permanent foundation (must be at minimum a doublewide)
• Modular homes
All properties must pass an FHA appraisal. Unlike the myths, FHA appraisals aren't difficult to pass, but if the home isn't up to code or has significant issues, the repairs would need to be done before closing.
If there are significant repairs, like a foundation issue, you may require an FHA 203(k) loan that covers both the cost of purchasing a property and renovating it.
Read on: Appraisal vs. Home Inspection
The FHA doesn't allow buyers to purchase a home that the seller is 'flipping.' They can tell if it's a flip if the seller bought the house within the last 90 days. It's called the FHA flipping rule.
It's is too risky for you and the bank since the price may not reflect the property's actual value.
FHA loan limits vary by county – they aren't even the same for the entire state. It varies based on the average home price in the area. Some counties have limits up to $776,250 and as low as $356,752. These are the limits of the maximum amount you can borrow – you must still qualify for the amount you request.
FHA loans are simple. You apply for the loan like you would any other loan, providing the lender with your personal identifying and financial information. In addition, you must prove you have the credit score, income, and low enough current debts to qualify.
You must also prove you have at least 3.5% to put down on the home and the money to cover the closing costs or request a no down payment FHA loan.
You can secure a 15, 20, 25, or 30 years loan term with a fixed interest rate.
You must make the principal and interest payment each month but may pay the loan off early without worrying about a prepayment penalty.
The monthly payment on an FHA loan includes the principal and interest, mortgage insurance, property taxes, and homeowners insurance.
FHA loans in Texas have many benefits over other financing options, including:
• Low down payment requirements
• Flexible credit score requirements with the lowest threshold out of any loan program
• Flexible debt-to-income ratio requirements (higher ratios allowed than other programs)
• Competitive interest rates
• Access to the FHA streamline refinance if rates drop or you want to refinance out of an ARM
• The option to apply for an FHA 203(k) loan if you're buying a fixer-upper
Read on: 11 facts about FHA Loans
So why should you choose FHA loans in Texas when you have other options? Here are the most common reasons.
Other Loan Options:
FHA loans in Texas are among the most flexible loan programs you can apply for when buying a house. If you have blemished credit, a small down payment, or a high debt-to-income ratio, it's the most forgiving home loan program available today.
The FHA appraisal isn't hard to pass, and the guidelines are easy for anyone, whether a first-time homebuyer or subsequent homebuyer, to secure financing for a new primary residence.